Saturday 15 April 2023

The Origins and Significance of Poila Boishak

It is 1430!

1430 is a year in the Bengali calendar, different from the Gregorian calendar commonly used in the Western world. Poila Boishak in the Bengali calendar falls on the first day of the month of Boishakh, which can fall on different dates in the Gregorian calendar depending on the year.

Since the Bengali calendar has a different starting point and number of days compared to the Gregorian calendar, it is only possible to determine the exact date of Poila Boishak in 1429 with additional information.

However, it is worth noting that Poila Boishak is celebrated every year as the first day of the Bengali calendar, regardless of the corresponding date in the Gregorian calendar. The festival is an integral part of the Bengali culture and is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy by people in West Bengal, Bangladesh, and worldwide.

Poila Boishak, or Bengali New Year, is one of the most celebrated festivals in West Bengal and Bangladesh. It is a time of new beginnings, hope, and joy. It is a time when people celebrate by exchanging greetings, dressing up in traditional clothes, and indulging in delicious food.

The History

The origin of Poila Boishak dates back to the Mughal era in the 16th century when the emperor Akbar introduced the lunar calendar to facilitate the collection of taxes. The Bengali calendar, known as the Bangla Shon, was introduced during his reign, and Poila Boishak became the first day of the year. Since then, it has been celebrated as a cultural festival in West Bengal and Bangladesh.

What Happens On This Day?

The preparations for Poila Boishak start well in advance. People start cleaning their homes and decorating them with alpona, a traditional form of Bengali folk art that involves creating intricate designs with rice paste. They also buy new clothes, especially sarees for women and kurta-pyjama for men. The markets are abuzz with shoppers buying gifts, sweets, and other items for the festivities.

On the day of Poila Boishak, people wake up early, bathe, and wear new clothes. They visit temples to seek blessings and offer prayers. The most popular place for celebration is the Dhaka University area in Bangladesh and the Ramakrishna Math and Mission in Kolkata, West Bengal, where cultural programs are organized.

The festival's main attraction is the street processions or 'Prabhat Pheri.' These processions are led by artists, musicians, and dancers dressed in colorful attire, and they dance to the beats of traditional drums and cymbals. The processions pass through the streets, and people join the festivities by dancing, singing, and playing musical instruments. The atmosphere is electric, and the joy and excitement are palpable.

Another essential aspect of Poila Boishak is the food. Traditional Bengali dishes like luchi, alur dom, cholar dal, and sandesh are prepared at home and shared with family and friends. People also indulge in street food like jhalmuri, puchka, and churmur. Sweet shops are packed with people buying mishti, which is an integral part of Bengali cuisine. Rasgulla, roshogolla, and pantua are some of the most popular sweets.

Apart from the street processions and food, another significant aspect of Poila Boishak is the exchange of greetings. People greet each other with the traditional phrase "Shubho Noboborsho," which means "Happy New Year." They exchange sweets, gifts, and good wishes. It is when people forget their differences and come together to celebrate the joy of new beginnings.

Poila Boishak has a special significance for the Bengali business community as well. It is when new account books are opened, and business owners offer puja to the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi. They believe that starting a new business or undertaking a new project on this day will bring prosperity and success.


Poila Boishak is a festival that celebrates the spirit of new beginnings, hope, and joy. It is a time when people come together to celebrate their culture, traditions, and heritage. 

The festival has evolved, but its essence remains the same. It is when people forget their differences and come together to celebrate the joy of new beginnings. 

The festival transcends religion, caste, and creed and unites people in the spirit of togetherness and happiness. Poila Boishak is not just a festival but a way of life for the Bengali community. It represents the resilience and spirit of the people who have faced many challenges. 

Despite all the hardships, the Bengali people have kept their culture and traditions alive through festivals like Poila Boishak.

As the world faces unprecedented challenges, festivals like Poila Boishak take on even greater significance. They remind us of the importance of coming together as a community and spreading joy and happiness. They also remind us of the resilience and strength of the human spirit. Poila Boishak is not just a celebration of a new year; it is a celebration of life itself.


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